読者です 読者をやめる 読者になる 読者になる

WHAT DO I  DO ? CHINA 1966

文化大革命体験談

Although I go on to college of engineering at university, I am released to the cows

Mr. Chan is in his 70's, a temperate eyes impressive man
Currently I live in a city in the coastal area of ​​China

Chan was born in a city suburb of southern China
When I was two years old, my father died when I caught a Japanese stronghold and then my mother relocated to the city center, relatives and relatives
Mr. Chan said that he was a poor but happy childhood

Fortunately I was able to continue my studies, I entered engineering department at university and became an engineer

But in 1966 the Cultural Revolution will begin
Until then, "knowledge molecule", Chan said that it was enviable by leaving the university
It was declared in the workplace, was charged with an innocent innocent innocent revolutionary crime and was released to rural areas

I was surprised
Although I left the engineering department of the university and became an engineer, it is said to be a cowarder in the village
Of course, I do not know how to keep a cow
I was at a loss what to do

Mr. Chan, who was designing a material production plant at the factory, will be driven to the rural village in Chubu
Like a lot of young people, it is frustrating to unfamiliar farming work, the cows says they are in trouble
More than anything, it is said that it was "distributed" to a work that has nothing to do with his specialty, and it was hard that the return prospect was not at all made


Downwards and persecution did not stop with intellectuals
Another person who has experienced Japanese learning experience, Mr. Wang, in his 70's
I worked as a leader at the factory site

One I was making a circle of hobbies with my friends at work
There is no such thing as going on a picnic on a bicycle, reading a book, etc. It is a game of such a good group
However, this was considered to be a rally and it was caught one day
Suddenly, I was put in a place like a prison or a detention center

However, in the case of Mr. Wan, this was a blessing

One afterwards, after listening to a colleague of the former workplace for a couple of years, the political struggle became fierce, the hanging up at work, the self-criticizing competition became intensified, people seemed to have committed suicide or escape
Although I was caught, in reality it was not that I could not see such a lot while being restrained
If I stayed at work as it was, it may have been dangerous

Mr. Chan, Mr. Wang, experienced people of the Cultural Revolution, until a couple of years ago contacted each other
It is said that they gathered in the park and talked about experiences
(Currently probably because the tightening of the lecture right is severe, it will be temporarily stopped)

Actually, in order to do this story, two people who came over to shopping and Hong Kong

Chang I am already old, I am not afraid of anything
You can catch it, but considering children and grandchildren, it is difficult to make free remarks on the continent
If there are people who can listen, I will come and talk to you anytime!

There was nothing less silly than the One Cultural Revolution, I hope the Communist regime will be over
It is because Hong Kong is here because we can say this


I heard that the revolution of the Cultural Revolution started on the continent, but now the tightening has become severe again

Time to listen to experiences is gradually getting lesser

牛飼いになったエンジニア、文化大革命、知識人への迫害

文化大革命体験談

大学で工学部に進学するも、下放されて牛飼いに

 

チャンさんは70代、温厚な目が印象的な男性です

現在は中国沿岸部の都市に住んでいます

 

チャンさんは中国南部の都市郊外で生まれました

2歳になるかならないかのころ、日本軍の流れ弾に当たって父親が死亡、その後母親は都市中心部へ親戚を頼って移り住みました

子供のころは貧しいながらも幸せだったというチャンさん

 

幸いにも勉強を続けることができ、大学では工学部へ進学してエンジニアになりました

 

しかし1966年、文化大革命が始まります

それまでも「知識分子」、大学を出ていることでねたまれることがあったというチャンさん

職場で密告され、身に覚えのない反革命の罪を着せられ、農村へ下放されることになりました

 

チャン  驚きましたよ

大学の工学部を出てエンジニアになったのに、村で牛飼いになれというんです

もちろん、牛の飼い方など知りません

どうすればいいのか途方にくれました

 

工場で素材生産プラントの設計をしていたチャンさんですが、中部の農村へ追いやられます

大勢の青年たちと同様、慣れない農作業にとまどい、牛は言う事を聞かず、困ったといいます

何よりも、自分の専門と全く関係のない仕事に「分配」され、復帰の見通しが全く立たなかったことが辛かったといいます

 

 

下放や迫害は知識人にとどまりませんでした

この日話を聞かせてくれたもう1人の文革経験者、ワンさん、70代

工場の現場でリーダーとして働いていました

 

ワン  私は職場の友人たちと、趣味のサークルを作っていました

なんてことはない、自転車でピクニックにいったり、本を読んだり、そんな仲の良いグループの遊びです

しかし、これが集会であるとみなされて、ある日捕まってしまいました

いきなり、刑務所というか、留置所のようなところへ入れられたのです

 

ところがワンさんの場合は、これが幸いしました

 

ワン その後、何年かして元の職場の同僚に聞いたところでは、政治闘争が激しくなって、職場ではつるし上げ、自己批判大会が激しくなり、自殺したり逃げたりした人が相次いでいたそうです

私は捕まってはいたものの、実は拘束されている間はあまりそのような目にあわなかったのです

あのまま職場にとどまっていたら、危なかったかもしれません

 

チャンさん、ワンさんたち文化大革命の経験者たちは、数年前までは連絡をとりあって

公園などで集まっては体験を話し合うことをしてきたといいます

(現在はおそらく習政権の締め付けが厳しいので、一時ストップしているでしょう)

 

実はこの話をするために、買い物をよそおって香港まで来てくれたお2人

 

チャン  私はもう年寄だし、何も怖くはありません

捕まってもかまいませんよ、でも子供や孫のことを考えると、大陸で自由な発言をするのは難しい

聞いてくれる人がいるなら、いつでも話しに来ますよ!

 

ワン 文化大革命ほどくだらないものはなかった、共産党の政権が終るよう願っています

こんなことが言えるのも、ここが香港だからですけれど

 

 

大陸でも文化大革命の見直しが始まったと聞きましたが、現在は締め付けが再び厳しくなってきてしまいました

 

体験談を聞ける時間はだんだん残り少なくなってきています

返還から20年、香港の風景は一変しました

香港プチ情報

香港、爆買いで家賃が高騰、なじみの店がどんどん閉店へ

 

経済危機後、大陸からのビザを大幅に緩和した香港

日本より一足も二足も先に、爆買いが起こっていました

90年代終わりごろにはすでに、いわゆる中華系のお土産を売る個人商店が大幅に減ってきていたのですが、大陸客がメインになったことで完全に姿を消しつつあります

 

ガイドブックでは中華系の可愛いグッズが買えると長年紹介されてきた裕華国貨デパート

ここも数年前にフロアを大改装して、高級品やブランド品が並ぶようになりました

あとは露天街ぐらいでしか中華系土産はみあたりませんが、品質の点では今ひとつかもしれない・・・

 

そして驚くべきことにペニンシュラのあたりには、朝食を食べるような小さな店がほとんどない、なくなってしまいました

朝の定番だった粥を出す店は、ジョーダンエリアの裏道まで足を伸ばさないとありませんし、駅地下道のスープを朝ご飯にしている人も目立ちます

 

香港で閉店のことを「結業」といい、閉まる店にはそう表示されていますが、ここ数年あちこち結業だらけ

裏道へ入っていっても、昔食べたあの店はもうほとんど残っていません

 

理由は家賃の高騰です

あの有名猫クリーム兄貴の書店さえも、畳2-3枚ほどのスペースで営業していた小さな小さな本屋さえも家賃高騰で閉店を余儀なくされていたのです

日本の場合は、経営者の高齢化で廃業を決意するケースが多いようですが、香港では家賃高騰がひどく、老舗がどんどん閉店、または移転しています

 

投機マネーの流入、大陸から毎年やってくる移民、高度な人材に優先的に与えられる居住権、こういうものがあいまって香港では住宅価格が急激に上昇しています

 

特に、風水を重んじる香港のこと、海が見える部屋は大人気

価格は一ケタ違うんじゃ?と思えるような値段がついています

 

単なる爆買いだけであれば、香港人の大陸への反感は広がらなかったかもしれません、実際買ってもらうことで潤っていた人も大勢いるわけですし、ホテルもフル稼働状態、空室ばかりよりはいいといえばいい

しかし、それでもホテルマンが、「本当は大陸の人にはこないでほしい」

ブランドブティックの店員がため息交じりに、「大陸の人たちですから・・」と不満を漏らすのです

どこでもトイレ問題、ごみの投げ捨て、さらにホテルの部屋代を省くため、勝手に公園でテントをはって寝ていたり

 

97年の返還前には、香港を脱出する人たちが相次ぎ、そのために不正行為までして捕まってしまった人もいたほどでした

今年返還20年、これから香港はどこへ??

 

我是港人,大陸已不是我的故鄉

香港に生きる人々 

香港,年輕人的選擇

John,你20多歲,帥的年輕人,他在外資金融機構工作
它看起來很普通,就是一個平凡的年輕人

他曾參與尋求佔領運動,香港獨立等其他社會活動
嚴格來說,他不是港獨派
但是,香港的政治,而不應該受大陸經濟的影響,這麼認為
為什麼來他這樣認為的,我試著問一下


John 我的家庭是出身大陸南部
在城裡國民黨的統治,親戚從事財務關係的工作。共產黨奪政權後,還是沒有誰比那些曾參與知識分子和資本家是迫害,家中有逃避恐懼之中香港
我自己當然生於香港,在香港長大,
說實話,大陸幾乎沒有老家的感覺
我的“故里”,是我所知香港
不過,我並不認為,也應該是在香港完全獨立
而不是獨立,香港,澳門,一種聯合會,我覺得是這樣


香港的年輕人,以為他的故鄉是大陸,這種人很少
相反,他是朝著這是香港人的意識那麼強,白貓這麼想
John也是。
他從來沒有去過在“故鄉”,親戚也害怕受到迫害而還不能回家

JOHN 對大陸感覺有點像另一個國家
所以說實話,大陸的民主化,自由化沒什麼感覺
我們6月4日,每年舉行集會遊行,但一些已經組織學生開始不參加
比大陸的另一民主化,是更好地受到威脅香港的自由,對我們更重要的

6月4日哀悼天安門集會是每年都進行
學生和年輕人的參與可能會去未來的少,因為大陸對他們的民主化,是因為它已經變得不再主要關注

JOHN是宗教團體的志願者,它有各種各樣的聖誕節等,為香港的窮人和老人的活動對他更重要

這樣的青年,在香港並不少見
經濟危機後,改變了放寬簽證,一大批大陸人來啦香港,搶購,街頭風景一變
其中,垃圾甚至,隨處變了廁所,大陸有錢的人會回到買進一切,所以很多人們有對它有強烈的反感,尤其一些香港年輕人不瞞對大陸的反感

此外,對於年輕人來說,房價在移民和投機資金從大陸流向來每年都在飛漲,這也就是年輕人越來越難爪新房結婚不滿的種子
香港本來是一個小平原,也多少有高層公寓,還內置了建築,它沒有趕上

白貓回歸的時候看到了新聞,有說香港人口10年增加到850萬,每年來多少移民啊?............我現在還記得
事實上,這個目標似乎退出,可能是因為住房緊張

young generation , new HONGKONG people

香港に生きる人々 

Hong Kong, youth selection

John is a fashionable young man working in a foreign financial institution in the late 20's
The appearance is a very ordinary, youth that is everywhere

He is participating in recent Central Occupation Movement and subsequent activities seeking Hong Kong independence
Strictly speaking, he is not independent
But I think that Hong Kong should not be influenced politically and economically by the continent
I asked why John started to think so


John My family comes from the southern part of the continent
It was a town controlled by the KMT, about finance-related work. Families have escaped to Hong Kong for fear of that the Communist Party will take power and people involved in intellectuals and capitalists will be persecuted
Of course I myself was born in Hong Kong and brought up in Hong Kong
To be honest, the continents are rarely feel like home.
My "hometown" is Hong Kong
But I do not think that Hong Kong should be completely independent
Rather than being independent, I am thinking whether I can build a loose federation, coalition in Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan


There are not many people who are young people in Hong Kong who think that the continent is their home hometown
Rather, it seems to be a white cat as consciousness that he is a Hong Kong person is stronger
John, you one of them
I have never been to the "hometown" of my relatives, my relatives also have not been able to visit my hometown yet, afraid of persecution

John continues rather like another country
So, to be honest, I am not very interested in democratization of the continent and liberalization
A meeting is held every year on June 4, but some of the student groups have already begun to participate
It is more for us to threaten the freedom of Hong Kong than democratization of the continent

On June 4, annual memorial event of Tiananmen Incident
Participation by students and young people may decline in the future, because for them the democratization of the continent is no longer a major concern any longer

Since I am a volunteer of John religious groups, I am doing various activities for Christmas etc. for the poor people in Hong Kong and the senior citizens
You are more important to me


Young people like John are not uncommon
After the economic crisis, due to relaxing visas from the continent to Hong Kong, the buyers were overflowing and the landscape of the town changed completely
People in the continent who abandon garbage anywhere, do not keep toilet manners, and have money and buy everything that's coming back home
There are a lot of Hong Kong young people not hiding a strong antipathy

In addition, for young people, it is also a matter of complaint that housing prices are rising due to immigration from the continent and the flow of speculative funds each year and it is getting harder for young people to get married and to keep a new house more and more difficult
Originally Hong Kong with few flatlands, even that high-rise apartment building, building is not catching up at all

In the news we saw when the white cats returned, it seems that it was said that the population of Hong Kong will be 8.5 million in 10 years ... There are memories that I thought that tens of thousands are immigrated every year
As expected, this goal seems to have withdrawn, due to housing difficulties

大陸はもう「故郷」じゃない、香港人として生きる若者たち

香港に生きる人々 

香港、若者の選択

 

ジョン君は20代後半、外資系金融機関で働くおしゃれな若者です

見た目はごく普通の、どこにでもいる青年です

 

彼は先日のセントラル占領運動や、その後の香港独立を求める活動に参加していています

厳密にいえば、彼は独立派ではありません

しかし香港は政治的、経済的に大陸に影響されるべきでないと、そう考えています

なぜジョン君がそう考えるようになったのか、たずねてみました

 

 

ジョン 私の家族は、大陸の南部の出身です

国民党の支配する町で、財務関係の仕事についていました。共産党が政権をとり、知識人や資本家にかかわっていた人たちが迫害されるのではないか、家族はそれを恐れて香港へ脱出してきました

私自身はもちろん香港生まれ、香港育ちです

正直いって、大陸が故郷という気持ちはほとんどありません

私の「故郷」は香港なんです

しかし、香港が完全に独立すべきだとも思わないです

独立というよりは、香港、マカオ、台湾でゆるやかな連盟、連合を組めないか、そう考えています

 

 

香港の若者で、大陸を自分の故郷と思う人はあまりいないんじゃないでしょうか

むしろ、自分は香港人だという意識のほうが強いように、白猫には思えます

ジョン君もその1人

親族の「故郷」には行ったことがありません、親族も迫害を恐れて未だに故郷を訪ねることはできていないそうです

 

ジョン  大陸はむしろ別の国のように感じます

だから正直いって、大陸の民主化とか、自由化にもあまり関心はありません

6月4日に毎年集会が行われていますが、すでに学生たちの団体のいくつかは参加を見合わせ始めています

もう大陸の民主化より、香港の自由が脅かされるほうが私たちにとってはおおごとなんです

 

6月4日、毎年行われている天安門事件追悼の大会

学生や若者たちの参加は今後減っていくかもしれません、なぜなら彼らにとっては大陸の民主化はもはや主要な関心事ではなくなってきているからです

 

ジョン 宗教団体のボランティアをしているので、香港の貧しい人たちやお年寄りのためにクリスマス等にいろいろな活動をしています

自分にはそっちのほうが大事ですね

 

 

ジョン君のような若者は珍しくありません

経済危機後、大陸から香港へのビザを緩和したせいで、買い出しの人があふれかえり、町の風景は一変してしまいました

どこででもゴミを捨て、トイレマナーも守らず、お金は持っているのでありったけのモノを買い占めて帰っていく大陸の人たち

香港の若者の中には強い反感を隠さない人が大勢います

 

さらに若者たちにとっては、毎年やってくる大陸からの移民や投機資金の流れ込みで住宅価格が高騰し、若者が結婚して新居をかまえることがどんどん難しくなってきていることも不満のタネです

もともと平地が少ない香港、あれだけの高層マンション、ビルを建てても、まったく追いついていません

 

白猫が返還のころに見たニュースでは、10年間で香港の人口を850万人にするとかいっていたような・・・毎年何万人移民するんだよ・・と思った記憶があります

さすがに、この目標は撤回したみたいです、住宅難のせいか

 

 

CHINA 1966-1978

文化大革命体験談

To the farm village with the Cultural Revolution

Yuan was 14 years old, first grader in junior high school and was released to rural areas for the first time
First three months, then three months
Furthermore, labor in rural areas is said to have been many times, not only this but also at least once a year from short term to long months until college graduation

YUAN Anyhow, it's hurrying, there is only steamed bread of corn everyday
So at the beginning all the people had contracted, but it gradually became bold
I steal chickens and chicken eggs owned by farmers and exchange them for candy at the village public shops
Since all the young people released to the rural areas are raised in urban areas, although life was painful, they were accustomed to luxury than rural areas. I wanted to eat the sweets at the shop, I wanted to eat, so stealily stealed the egg secretly in the middle of the night

At that time, the produced crops had to pay the determined amount to the country
Although the year of good harvest has come out, food is not enough in the village when paying to the national treasury in the case of bad crops

YUAN So, the elderly go to a "beggar" to a big town nearby for eating
I slip secretly out of the village in the middle of the night
However, it has been found almost and I will be self-criticized at the meeting, I have seen it many times
There is nothing I can eat, so I can not help it

Cultural revolution thoroughly destroyed the relationship of trust between people
Of 37 YUAN's elementary school classmates, three fathers committed suicide in 1966 alone. However, many families hiding suicide themselves also did not realize how many people actually lost their lives

YUAN The red guards who ramped just like that, I cried and disliked when I was released to rural areas. I went to see my friend's brother who departed by the train to go off, but when the train starts to move, the cry cries out that it is awful
And among those who were released, those married to rural people could not come back to the city forever. It is now.

Even without special reasons, in order to return, it was said that bribes, sometimes sexual demands were made on women because the permission of belonging production captains was required

Yuan When I went to my friend 's house, my older sister came out with a big stomach. She seems to have returned from the rural village, but her older sister is unmarried
My friend's parents were shy and did not put out any older sisters at all
And because the child born as it is, there is no family register as it is, so we had to give a large bribe to the family register

Destruction of the relationship of trust did not end only to people of society

An advertisement was also encouraged at the YUAN school
Even though it came back from rural areas and it was said that the civilization was ended in 1978, the old teacher was still being cleaned of the school's toilet
Standing on the podium is a former construction worker and a man who can hardly read letters. While teaching, with a long stick, I read aloud loudly in Mao Tse version, but if you are bad in reading, you strike a student with that stick
Even after entering university, if the teacher says the word democracy or freedom, it was widely prevalent for students to inform them immediately

The so-called "intellectuals" began to return to the former workplace since the 1980s, when Mr. Hu Yaobang became a leader

From 1966 when the YUAN Cultural Revolution began, the 12 years until 1978 when I felt it ended was a society with no human distrust and good
Our generation is extreme
Human being successfully advanced to the executive and human beings left behind by economic development and social change
Since I have not studied anything in my youth, I was first restructured in the economic development since the 1980s. 60% of my hometown classmates are unemployed. Moreover, I have been unemployed for 10 years and 15 years
There was a blank of education and I could not keep up with economic development

Furthermore, problems were also happening to those who became executives fortunately
I want to regain the lost youth, with such thought Wyro, embezzlement is not behind
The root of corruption was so deep that there was also a reason here that it was very difficult to clean out

YUAN There is a problem also in our children's generation
Because ourselves could not receive proper education, discipline and family education for children did not go well
Parents have difficulty living, and there is no time to care for discipline

After graduating from university, Mr. YUAN was able to obtain a scholarship and study abroad
I am determined to marry foreigners who I met and get rid of Chinese nationality
After that, after experiencing divorce, I will return to the coastal big city once, but after several years I decided to move to Hong Kong

YUAN I still do not know what is in the continent. One day suddenly, people like red guards may be killed and all may be taken
I am very scared.
Fortunately, since the apartment which we had in mainland China with the real estate boom went up, we sold it and we could buy a small house in Hong Kong


Still, it says that you may feel uneasy in Hong Kong where the influence of the continent is getting worse